By Julia Drake, eHow Contributor
Pomeranians are a dog breed that descends from larger Spitz breeds. They are common in competitive dog shows and as companionable pets. The American Kennel Club (AKC) classifies the Pomeranian as a Toy dog weighing between 3 and 7 pounds. Smaller Teacup versions of Pomeranians exist, but the Toy breed is the standard or ideal size for this dog breed. Specific physical and behavioral characteristics define the Pomeranian breed.
Appearance
o       The AKC says that competitive show Pomeranians should ideally weigh between 4 and 6 pounds. Pomeranians have slightly rounded heads with fox-like expressions. Their ears are small and erect and their eyes are dark and almond-shaped. A Pomeranian has a double coat that contains a soft, thick and fluffy undercoat covered by a long, straight and harsh topcoat. The breed standard for Pomeranians includes all different coat colors and patterns. Pomeranians can be any solid color, any color with lighter or darker shading, black and tan or white with colored patches. They can also have brindle coats of red, orange or gold coloring with black cross stripes.
Temperament
o       The standard temperament for Pomeranians is an outgoing, lively and happy-go-lucky disposition. The dog is inquisitive, intelligent and extroverted. Pomeranians can be very protective of their families and make good family watchdogs. The dogs can be bold, willful and slightly sharp-tempered. They may become too demanding with their owners if they are not taught obedience training. Known for being affectionate and friendly animals, Pomeranians can work as therapy dogs. Their quick, alert personalities also make them well-suited as service dogs.

Living with Pomeranians

o       Pomeranians are delicate dogs and are not suited for families with very young children. Children can accidentally injure or kill Pomeranian puppies by dropping or vigorously squeezing them. Pomeranians are generally not afraid of larger dogs, and owners must take care to prevent larger dogs from injuring smaller ones. A properly socialized Pomeranian can get along with other household pets. Pomeranians can live in limited-size environments, such as apartments or townhouses. They need human company and will be unhappy if left alone for hours at a time.
Health
o       Although generally healthy, resilient dogs, Pomeranians are susceptible to certain health problems. The dogs can suffer from a knee-joint problem known as patellar luxation and may require surgery in severe cases. They are also prone to dental problems. You can prevent infected gums and rotten teeth by brushing your dog’s teeth daily with a toothbrush and canine toothpaste. Pomeranians can suffer from coughing attacks and should not live in dusty or smoky environments that make it difficult to breathe. Regular exercises, such as walks or play sessions, are important to a Pomeranian’s mental and physical health. To prevent tangles and mats in its fur, a Pomeranian needs to be brushed every day.

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